With the temperatures rising over summer we naturally need to keep hydrated and begin consuming more beverages. So now is a good time to be mindful of what we drink and how it might be affecting our teeth.
Two of the most serious impacts on our teeth comes from consuming sugary or fizzy carbonated drinks - tooth decay and acid erosion of the teeth.
Tooth decay forms when a film of sticky bacteria known as plaque grows daily on our teeth and comes into contact with sugar from food and drinks we consume. When plaque bacteria use sugar as a source of energy to multiply and grow, they release harmful toxins and acid over our teeth surfaces when digested. It is this acid that burns through our tooth enamel and exposed tooth root to cause tooth decay whist the harmful bacterial toxins cause gum disease.
When it comes to keeping hydrated, the more we limit our teeth exposure to sugary drinks the better, reducing the risk of tooth decay.
Dental erosion is the loss of tooth enamel caused by acids in food and drinks. pH is the measure used to categorise how strong or erosive an acid is. Teeth begin to erode and dissolve at a pH lower than 5.5. To put this into perspective, pure water is neutral at pH7, whilst at the extremely acidic end is stomach and battery acid at between pH 1 and 3.
These are pH levels of some common food and drinks
Safe zone ph 6 - 7: tap water, distilled water, soy milk, goat’s milk, cow’s milk, sunflower seeds, olive oils
Moderately acidic ph 4 - 5: vinegar, beer, wine, black tea, sweetened fruit juice, artificial sweeteners, hard cheese, white sugar, coffee, chocolates
Very acidic pH 2-3: carbonated fizzy drinks, energy drinks, sparkling water, pickles
Early signs of dental erosion include loss of the surface texture of the tooth, leading to a smooth, shiny appearance. When the enamel has worn away it can lead to pain and sensitivity to hot and cold, sugary and acidic foods and drinks.
A dry mouth can increase your risk of dental erosion so saliva is a natural defence against this process. Saliva can wash acids out of your mouth into the stomach, it can neutralise acid, and it can repair the early stages of tooth softening by repairing tooth mineral.
So how can we reduce the risk of tooth decay and dental erosion as we drink more over summer?
Should you require any dental assistance over the summer period or have any concerns, book in with your local Pacific Smiles Dental.