Periodontics is the specialist branch of dentistry that deals with gums and the surrounding supporting structures of teeth and implants, including bone.
A Periodontist is a dentist with specialised training in caring for gums and supporting structures.
The health of the gums and bone supporting teeth and implants is vital to maintain a functional and aesthetic smile. Periodontal (or gum) disease is an inflammation and infection of the gums and supporting structures of teeth and is caused by a build up of plaque on teeth. The plaque contains bacteria which can damage the gums and supporting structures if not removed on a regular basis
The early stages of gum disease is called Gingivitis. This is a reversible inflammation of the gums which is ordinarily treated by the removal of plaque and calculus via good oral hygiene habits (brushing and flossing). Where the plaque is not removed regularly gingivitis can progress to a more chronic inflammation called periodontitis. Periodontitis can lead to irreversible damage to the gums and supporting structures and gums may recede from the teeth. If both the gums and bone recede, teeth can become loose and can eventually be lost. Once periodontal disease advances to more advanced stages, professional intervention is necessary to help prevent its progress.
The management of gum disease is determined by the stage of the disease, but generally involves cleaning and disinfection of the soft tissues surrounding the teeth. In advanced stages, periodontists may perform surgical procedures to assist treatment outcomes. Periodontal procedures may include scaling and careful root cleaning, periodontal surgery, the placement of dental implants, bone and gum grafting, crown lengthening, gum lifts and other cosmetic gum surgery.
Periodontal disease has been implicated as an important risk factor in major systemic problems including heart disease and strokes. As such it is important to ensure the prevention of advanced and chronic gum disease. Home care and good oral hygiene protocols are an important part of a periodontal treatment plan.
The cost of Periodontal treatment is determined by each patient’s individual requirements. All patients will receive a detailed treatment plan and estimate of fees prior to any treatment commencing.
A referral from your Dentist is not required to make an appointment with a Periodontist.
If your Dentist has recommended you visit a Periodontist contact your local Pacific Smiles Dental Clinic for an appointment or more information.